Osama bin Laden, also known as Ummah bin Laden, founded the militant Islamist organization al-Qaeda and was responsible for some terrorist attacks against the United States and other Western nations, including the suicide bombing of the American warship Cole in the Yemeni port of Aden in 2000.
On September 11, 2001, Osama bin Laden, also known as Usmah I, attacked the Pentagon and the World Trade Center in nearby Washington, D.C.
How Were the Early Years Of Osama Bin?
Muhammad bin Laden, a self-made businessman who arrived in Saudi Arabia from Yemen as a worker and later rose to handle large building projects for the Saudi royal family, had more than 50 children, among them bin Laden.
When Muhammad died in an airplane crash in 1967, his company had become one of the largest in the Middle East, and the bin Laden family had developed a close relationship with the Saudi royal family.
At King Abdul Aziz University in Jeddah, where he studied business management, it’s conceivable that Osama bin Laden also took religious studies courses from militant leader Abdullah Azzam and Muhammad Qub, the brother of Islamic revivalist Sayyid Qub.
His time at the university was vital to his eventual role as the leader of al-Qaeda since it helped form his extremist ideas and allowed him to spread al-message. Qaeda’s
Why Is Al Qaeda Growing?
As soon as the Soviet Union invaded Afghanistan in 1979, Bin Laden began meeting with opposition leaders and funding the resistance because he perceived the invasion as hostility against Islam.
By 1984, he had primarily shifted his focus to Pakistan and Afghanistan, where he collaborated with Azzam to organize and recruit Arab volunteers to oppose the Soviet occupation. Bin Laden’s financial stability, holiness, reputation, and bravery in war contributed to his enhanced position as a terrorist commander.
Due to a computer database he created in 1988 that held the names of Afghan War volunteers, Al-Qaeda (Arabic: “the Base”) was established in the same year. Despite this, there were no immediate operational plans or objectives for the group.
Bin Laden returned to Saudi Arabia in 1989 after the Soviets left Afghanistan. The authorities soon started to see him as a zealot and a potential threat, although he was initially hailed as a hero. His requests for permission to use his fighter network to defend Saudi Arabia from the invasion threat presented by Saddam Hussein’s Iraq were denied by the government in 1990.
Bin Laden left Saudi Arabia in 1991 and finally lived in Sudan due to the growing rift between bin Laden and Saudi Arabia’s leaders due to Saudi Arabia’s choice to rely on American forces for security during the Persian Gulf War.
When Is The Attack On The Uss Cole?
To do this, Al-Qaeda funded and trained terrorist attacks. In 1998, the U.S. embassies in Nairobi, Kenya, and Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, were bombed simultaneously, constituting a more extensive operation than any carried out by al-Previous Qaeda and resulting in the deaths of 224 people.
The United States responded by launching cruise missiles at what it believed to be bin Laden’s bases in Afghanistan. In 2000, a second explosion by al-Qaeda targeted at the USS Cole claimed the lives of 17 sailors. A US warship was docked in Yemen.
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The organization’s growth was partially attributed to bin Laden’s charisma. He was known as a great orator who could make his message clear to individuals with less academic education while still using some rhetorical methods to his advantage.
At the turn of the century, reports claimed that thousands of terrorists had joined bin Laden’s cause in countries including Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Libya, Bosnia, Chechnya, and the Philippines.
What happened to the 9/11 attacks and the United States’ search for Bin Laden?
After 19 terrorists connected to al-Qaeda perpetrated the September 11 attacks, the United States led a coalition to depose the Taliban in Afghanistan in 2001. In December 2001, bin Laden hid in the Tora Bora cave network to evade capture by American commandos.
As American soldiers hunted for bin Laden along the Pakistan-Afghanistan border in the years that followed, he was not mentioned in the media. Then, in October 2004, just over a week before the American presidential election, bin Laden appeared in a taped message in which he claimed responsibility for the September 11 attacks.
After then, he occasionally continued to broadcast audio messages. In 2008, he promised to exact revenge for the deaths of Palestinians in the Gaza Strip, and in 2009, he questioned Barack Obama’s commitment to continuing the fight against al-Qaeda.
A final audio message purportedly created by bin Laden and recorded soon before he was killed made public by al-Qaeda later that month. In the letter, bin Laden praised the revolutions in Egypt and Tunisia in early 2011 and asked al-Qaeda members to aid people opposing repressive regimes.